What should I eat when I’m pregnant?

What should I eat when I'm Pregnant @ healthyfoodiebaby.com

Being just over 6 months pregnant with baby number two has made me think again about the food you eat when you are pregnant. Throughout pregnancy you become much more aware of your body in general and what you eat is a big part of it. Whether you are more hungry, nauseous or craving certain foods (no matter how weird!) the food you eat impacts the little person that’s growing inside you. Your diet throughout pregnancy can affect your baby’s future health so it’s important to have a healthy diet. It’s a fascinating insight that the foods you eat throughout pregnancy will influence your baby’s taste buds in their early years! It a daunting responsibility and for many its a huge lifestyle change but food is clearly an important choice for mum and baby.

This being said how do we know what are eating the right things? Guidelines and recommendations are constantly changing and the sources of information are so numerous that it’s hard to know what information you can trust. I found it hard to understand which foods I shouldn’t be eating throughout my fist pregnancy let alone work out what I should actually be eating. So this time I decided to spend a little time researching the subject. I thought I should pass on some of the more interesting things I have learnt and some of my experiences from pre-conception right through to post-pregnancy & breastfeeding.

 

Pre-conception

There have been articles in the press recently about the fact that eating junk food pre-conception can lead to premature birth. This is what researchers in Australia have found following a new study.

Now, I knew it was recommended to take folic acid supplements even before you conceive but I didn’t realise how much your diet can affect your baby’s health even before baby is created! When it comes to folic acid I have looked into this and it is difficult to achieve the recommended increase in folic acid from diet alone so everyone should take the supplements in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy at least but here are a few foods that are good sources of folic acid, although still in relatively small amounts:

Pre-Conception Foods @healthyfoodiebaby.com

-Green leafy vegetables such as:

  • broccoli
  • brussels sprouts
  • spinach
  • asparagus
  • peas
  • cabbage

-Fruit such as :

  • oranges,
  • avocados
  • tomatoes

-Pulses such as:

  • Chickpeas
  • Beans

-Wholegrains, especially:

  • Brown rice

-Yeast extract

-Fortified breakfast cereals

With this is mind, here are a few of my recipes that would be perfect for pre-conception as well as the first 12 weeks:

 

First trimester:

I was so worried in the first trimester…is everything going to be alright? Three months is a long time to wait for a first scan. And there’s the morning sickness. In some way I found that feeling nauseous was reassuring me that I was still pregnant & baby was growing. To be fair I didn’t have really bad nausea for either of my pregnancies. It was much worse the first time with my daughter but maybe that’s just because I knew how to cope with it better and what I found helped me second time and round.

First trimester Pregnancy Foods @ healthyfoodiebaby.com

Here are a few things that I found helpful:

  • Eating lots of fruit (especially grapes, melon, watermelon and any water rich fruit)
  • Sucking on sweets. Apparently ginger sweets are really supposed to help with nausea but I didn’t particularly like them. You can find them in Holland & Barrett’s
  • Eating regularly (Small amounts & often)

It is now also recommended (This wasn’t the case in my first pregnancy) that you take vitamin D supplements. These are usually included in Pregnancy supplements along with folic acids.

Vitamin D can be found naturally in:

  • Oily fish (such as salmon, mackerel and sardines),
  • eggs
  • meat.
  • soya products

The best source of vitamin D is summer sunlight on your skin.

Here are a few recipes especially selected for the first trimester:

 

Second & Third Trimester:

As you I moved into the second trimester and got over the morning sickness I started to think more about what I should eat to feed my growing baby rather than to make me feel less nauseous.

Second & Third Trimester Pregnancy Foods @healthyfoodiebaby.com

During the whole Pregnancy it’s important to eat a balanced and healthy diet so here’s a list of Pregnancy superfoods:

  • Tofu – excellent source of protein that is also rich in iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and vitamin K –
  • Sweet potato – packed with calcium, vitamin C and betacarotene – a vegetable source of vitamin A, vital for skin and eye development.
  • Eggs – Well-cooked, to provide iron, protein and vitamin B12, which is essential for the healthy growth of cells in your body
  • Chickpeas –  Vegetable source of protein that is also rich in calcium, magnesium, zinc and folic acid.
  • Dried Apricots – Contain iron, folic acid, potassium, calcium and magnesium
  • Broccoli –  Contains plenty of calcium, magnesium (essential for bone development) and folic acid.
  • Strawberries – High in iron – great to combat pregnancy fatigue. They are bursting with vitamin C
  • Blueberries –  Packed with antioxidants, high in vitamin C and fibre
  • Salmon and fish – Rich source of Omega 3s – essential fatty acid

Recipe links:

The later stages of pregnancy also can bring on a few problems as you get bigger and more uncomfortable.

I got really bad cramps in my legs and feet. It’s pretty common and could be due to the added weight but it can apparently also be a deficiency in calcium and magnesium. I found these cramps excruciatingly painful and would wake up in agony in the middle of the night.

I got told repeatedly to eat more bananas, drink more water, more salt, leg stretches, but nothing worked.

So when I was expecting my daughter I just lived with the regular cramps until my grand mother mentioned I should try drinking tonic. (She joked that this is how she started drinking gin & tonic!) It worked for me straight away, I only have a few sips in the evening before going to bed.

Now, I didn’t realise at the time the controversy surrounding drinking tonic water whilst pregnant. I just mentioned it to my midwife and she said that she had heard it can help so why not try it.

Tonic contains quinine which is a muscle relaxant.

There is conflicting advice about Quinine & Pregnancy but reading about it and what I could find on the internet I’m happy to drink small amounts of tonic and get a better night sleep!

Quinine in high doses is definitely not recommended so do not take Quinine supplements. Tonic contains much smaller amounts of Quinine so in moderation it seems fine. There is no official advice on the safety of quinine in tonic water in pregnancy. Quinine is still used today to treat Malaria in pregnant women ( as explained on Wikepedia ) so I wouldn’t worry in drinking a small amount of tonic.

 

Being overdue:

I was 12 days overdue with my daughter, I had really come to the point where I just wanted that baby out!

There are so many foods & drinks that are supposed to help induce labour some of which are:

  • Spicy curry
  • Raspberry leaf tea (Do not drink until you are overdue)
  • Pineaple
  • Aubergines

I have to say, nothing worked for me! I drunk Raspberry leaf tea (I quite liked it actually and kept drinking it from time to time afterwards too) I tried having a spicy curry, eating lots of pineapple but I think my baby just arrived when she was ready.

 

Labour & Post- Pregnancy

I would pack a few snacks & drinks in your hospital bag, I definitely didn’t feel hungry during labour but straight after I needed something to give me some energy.

When I was in labour I just drank water, with a straw as it makes it easier.

Here are a few things I would suggest packing in your hospital bag;

  • Fruit compote sachets (The baby fruit purees sachets!). I definitely recommend it. My sister told me about this and it was the best thing straight after the baby was born. I will definitely pack a few of these this time round too.
  • Cereal/ granola bars
  • Fruit & nuts
  • Juice cartons (I took apple juice)
  • You might also want to pack a few snacks for daddy!

 

After birth

After giving birth cooking is the last thing on your mind, it was for me anyway! Get family and friends to bring food & cook for you if possible as you will need some energy.

I remember being brought a home cooked lasagna amongst other things the day I came home and it was so good. I definitely felt I needed some meat, and a proper home cooked meal was the best thing.

In the first few weeks my daughter was fussy between 6pm-10pm every night(I don’t think it’s uncommon for newborns) so the freezer meals I got given from work were really handy. I had originally planned to cook some meals and put them in the freezer whilst waiting for baby to arrive but I was glad to get given some as the last thing I wanted to do on a hot summer’s day with puffy legs and swollen ankles was to stand above the stove and cook.

The meals I was given were from COOK, and they were actually really tasty.

 

Foods for Breastfeeding

It’s amazing how hungry you feel when you are breastfeeding. And really thirsty…you need to drink plenty of water.

The midwife told me to eat plenty of chocolate which I was surprised about at the time but I wouldn’t feel guilty or think about loosing weight. The weight comes off naturally with time and you will feel you want to eat more if you are breastfeeding.

Post Pregnancy & Breastfeeding foods@ healthyfoodiebaby

Foods to eat are similar to the Pregnancy Superfoods ( See above) but some of the foods that increase lactation and especially good for Breastfeeding mums are:

  • Fish – Especially Salmon & Sardines
  • Milk/ Yoghurt
  • Chickpeas
  • Eggs
  • Water
  • Garlic
  • Brown rice
  • Oats
  • Spinach

You’ll probably also want to bear in mind that you might want to eat things one handed if you are breastfeeding.

Here are a few recipe ideas.

 

I hope you have found a few tips that you will find useful. I do think any changes in diet at this point can create good habits that lasts a lifetime.

Pregnancy and the arrival of a new baby is a special time.

Good luck on your new journey!

 

 

MORE LINKS & FURTHER READING

Folic acids:

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/vitamins-minerals/Pages/Vitamin-B.aspx

http://www.babycentre.co.uk/x2232/how-much-folic-acid-do-i-need-to-take-while-trying#ixzz31cjMCfJD

http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/913.aspx?categoryid=54&subcategoryid=129

http://www.babycentre.co.uk/x2232/how-much-folic-acid-do-i-need-to-take-while-trying

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/vitamins-minerals-supplements-pregnant.aspx#close

Morning sickness:

http://www.babycenter.com/morning-sickness?page=3#articlesection6

Pregnancy superfoods:

http://www.babyexpert.com/pregnancy/health-diet/top-20-pregnancy-superfoods/2194.html

http://www.netmums.com/galleries/view/superfoods-for-pregnancy

http://www.webmd.com/baby/features/pregnancy-superfoods

http://www.babycenter.com/0_the-10-best-foods-for-pregnancy_10320506.bc

Leg cramps:

http://www.babycentre.co.uk/a547374/leg-cramps-pregnancy-sleep

Quinine:

http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/travel-health/medicines/quinine-sulphate.html

Being overdue:

http://www.babycentre.co.uk/a567272/bringing-on-labour-an-overview

http://www.justmommies.com/pregnancy/labor-and-childbirth/foods-that-induce-labor-9-recipes-to-jump-start-labor

Foods after labour:

http://www.babycenter.in/a1049923/foods-to-eat-after-your-delivery

http://www.babycenter.com/0_best-foods-for-new-moms-mood-boosters_1458835.bc?page=1

Foods for breastfeeding:

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/Pages/lifestyle-breastfeeding.aspx#close

http://www.babycentre.co.uk/a3565/diet-for-a-healthy-breastfeeding-mum

http://mamabirthing.com/recovery-from-childbirth-postpartum-food

http://www.modernalternativekitchen.com/2013/08/the-10-best-foods-for-postpartum-health/#.U3KEHV6EEqw

http://www.everydayfamily.com/best-foods-for-new-mothers/

http://www.bumpsnbaby.com/15-super-foods-increase-lactation-new-mothers/

http://www.littletummytucker.com.au/10-superfoods-for-breastfeeding-mums/

http://www.womenfirst.net/blog/pregnancy/11-super-foods-for-new-breastfeeding-moms

http://bubandbeyondfitness.com/ten-breastfeeding-super-foods/

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